Sam Moore, concluding a thoughtful analysis of rights-retention policies in Europe an elsewhere:

To be clear, very little of the negotiations around rights retention represents much more than liberal market economics—it should not be confused for the kind of political radicalism that higher education institutions are unable to perform. However, this is not its point: rights retention makes institutions more combative towards extractive practices in the publishing industry by demanding certain transactional conditions that are about more than just price. To that extent, rights retention can be well coupled with a strategy that supports and nurtures alternative and more radical approaches to open access that are less dependent on market incentives.