Lars Wenaas, in a 2002 Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analysis study of Norwegian read-and-publish (i.e., “transformative”) deals, found that the deals drove scholars to publish in high-prestige hybrid journals over full-OA journals and green repositories. Hardly a surprise, but the perverse dynamic is another reason that Plan S’s announcement to end support for such deals after 2024 can’t come soon enough.

Table showing proportion of Norwegian articles published open access in various modes