Speaking of persistent identifiers, NISO [annointed the CRediT taxonomy as an official standard](https://www.niso.org/press-releases/contributor-roles-taxonomy-credit-formalized-ansiniso-standard) in February. The core bundle of roles to credit has been around [since 2014](https://www.niso.org/press-releases/contributor-roles-taxonomy-credit-formalized-ansiniso-standard):

* Conceptualization
* Data curation
* Formal analysis
* Funding acquisition
* Investigation
* Methodology
* Project administration
* Resources
* Software
* Supervision
* Validation
* Visualization
* Writing – original draft
* Writing – review & editing

It's a fascinating [reflection](https://groups.niso.org/higherlogic/ws/public/download/26466/ANSI-NISO-Z39.104-2022.pdf) of what academic knowledge *is*: modular, stepwise, nomothetic, hypothesis-driven, grant-funded, and team-based. It's knoweldge as refracted through the well-funded lab—*science* as a metonym for academic inquiry writ large. Post-war "big science" in taxonomic relief, as endorsed by [34 organizations](https://groups.niso.org/higherlogic/ws/public/download/26466/ANSI-NISO-Z39.104-2022.pdf) (including many of the giant publishers). Here's hoping an STS grad student is tidying up her dissertation on the process.

Neither "monograph" nor "humanities" appear in the [lengthy standards doc](https://groups.niso.org/higherlogic/ws/public/download/26466/ANSI-NISO-Z39.104-2022.pdf), of course. The [idiographic](https://groups.niso.org/higherlogic/ws/public/download/26466/ANSI-NISO-Z39.104-2022.pdf) fields—with their tendency for unfunded, lone-wolfe inquiry—aren't a good fit for [NISO Z39.104-2022](https://www.niso.org/press-releases/contributor-roles-taxonomy-credit-formalized-ansiniso-standard). Conceptualization first, writing second? "I don't know what I think until I write it down."