Aileen Fyfe, [unearthing a 1963 publishing code for the UK's Royal Society](

> The Code was written at a time when the presence of commercial publishers was becoming more apparent in the world of scientific journals, and concerns were being raised over ownership and control.

> The Code insists that the ideal body to run a journal is a scientific society, but if that is not possible, then editorial and financial policy should be in the hands of academics, and that copyright should be retained by authors.

Fifty-six years later and the [five items]( hold up well. There's a poignancy, too, reading them now—in the wake of the [publishing oligopoly](